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[ 考研英语二 ]
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2013年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(二)试题
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
Use of English
Use of English

Given the advantages of electronic money, you might think that we would move quickly to the cashless society in which all payments are made electronically._____(1)a true cashless society is probably not around the comer. Indeed, predictions have been_____(2)for two decades but have not yet come to fruition. For example, Business Week predicted in 1975 that electronic means of payment would soon “revolutionize the very_____(3)of money itself,” only to_____(4)itself several years later. Why has the movement to a cashless society been so_____(5)in coming?

Although electronic means of payment may be more efficient than a payments system based on paper, several factors work_____(6)the disappearance of the paper system. First, it is very_____(7)to set up the computer, card reader, and telecommunications networks necessary to make electronic money the_____(8)form of payment. Second, paper checks have the advantage that they_____(9)receipts, something that many consumers are unwilling to_____(10). Third, the use of paper checks gives consumers several days of “float”-it takes several days_____(11)a check is cashed and funds are_____(12)from the issuer’s account, which means that the writer of the check can earn interest on the funds in the meantime._____(13)electronic payments are immediate, they eliminate the float for the consumer.

Fourth, electronic means of payment may_____(14)security and privacy concerns. We often hear media reports that an unauthorized hacker has been able to access a computer database and to alter information_____(15)there. The fact that this is not an_____(16)occurrence means that dishonest persons might be able to access bank accounts in electronic payments systems and_____(17)from someone else’s accounts. The_____(18)of this type of fraud is no easy task, and a whole new field of computer science is developing to_____(19)security issues. A further concern is that the use of electronic means of payment leaves an electronic_____(20)that contains a large amount of personal data. There are concerns that government, employers, and marketers might be able to access these data, thereby violating our privacy.

1
(单项选择题)

_____(1)

  • A.

    However

  • B.

    Moreover

  • C.

    Therefore

  • D.

    Otherwise

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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2
(单项选择题)

_____(2)

  • A.

    off

  • B.

    back

  • C.

    over

  • D.

    around

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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3
(单项选择题)

_____(3)

  • A.

    power

  • B.

    concept

  • C.

    history

  • D.

    role

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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4
(单项选择题)

_____(4)

  • A.

    reward

  • B.

    resist

  • C.

    resume

  • D.

    reverse

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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5
(单项选择题)

_____(5)

  • A.

    silent

  • B.

    sudden

  • C.

    slow

  • D.

    steady

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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6
(单项选择题)

_____(6)

  • A.

    for

  • B.

    against

  • C.

    with

  • D.

    on

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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7
(单项选择题)

_____(7)

  • A.

    expensive

  • B.

    imaginative

  • C.

    sensitive

  • D.

    productive

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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8
(单项选择题)

_____(8)

  • A.

    similar

  • B.

    original

  • C.

    temporary

  • D.

    dominant

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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9
(单项选择题)

_____(9)

  • A.

    collect

  • B.

    provide

  • C.

    copy

  • D.

    print

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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10
(单项选择题)

_____(10)

  • A.

    give up

  • B.

    take over

  • C.

    bring back

  • D.

    pass down

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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11
(单项选择题)

_____(11)

  • A.

    when

  • B.

    after

  • C.

    since

  • D.

    before

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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12
(单项选择题)

_____(12)

  • A.

    kept

  • B.

    borrowed

  • C.

    released

  • D.

    withdrawn

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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13
(单项选择题)

_____(13)

  • A.

    Unless

  • B.

    Because

  • C.

    Until

  • D.

    Though

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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14
(单项选择题)

_____(14)

  • A.

    hide

  • B.

    express

  • C.

    ease

  • D.

    raise

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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15
(单项选择题)

_____(15)

  • A.

    analyzed

  • B.

    shared

  • C.

    displayed

  • D.

    stored

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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16
(单项选择题)

_____(16)

  • A.

    unsafe

  • B.

    unnatural

  • C.

    uncommon

  • D.

    unclear

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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17
(单项选择题)

_____(17)

  • A.

    choose

  • B.

    steal

  • C.

    benefit

  • D.

    return

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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18
(单项选择题)

_____(18)

  • A.

    consideration

  • B.

    prevention

  • C.

    manipulation

  • D.

    justification

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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19
(单项选择题)

_____(19)

  • A.

    call for

  • B.

    fight against

  • C.

    adapt to

  • D.

    cope with

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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20
(单项选择题)

_____(20)

  • A.

    chunk

  • B.

    chip

  • C.

    path

  • D.

    trail

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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