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[ 考研英语二 ]
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2014年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(二)试题
Directions:Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
Use of English
Use of English

Thinner isn't always better. A number of studies have _____(1)that normal-weight people are in fact at higher risk of some diseases compared to those who are overweight. And there are health conditions for which being overweight is actually_____(2).For example, heavier women are less likely to develop calcium deficiency than thin women____(3),among the elderly, being somewhat overweight is often an ____(4)of good health.

Of even greater ____(5)is the fact that obesity turns out to be very difficult to define. It is often defined _____(6)body mass index, or BMI. BMI ____(7)body mass divided by the square of height. An adult with a BMI of 18 to 25 is often considered to be normal weight. Between 25 and 30 is overweight. And over 30 is considered obese. Obesity, ____(8),can be divided into moderately obese, severely obese, and very severely obese.

While such numerical standards seem____ (9),they are not. Obesity is probably less a matter of weight than body fat. Some people with a high BMI are in fact extremely fit, _____(10)others with a low BMI may be in poor _____(11).For example, many collegiate and professional football players _____(12)as obese, though their percentage body fat is low. Conversely, someone with a small frame may have high body fat but a _____(13)BMI.

Today we have a(n) _____(14)to label obesity as a disgrace. The overweight are sometimes _____(15)in the media with their faces covered. Stereotypes _____(16)with obesity include laziness, lack of will power, and lower prospects for success. Teachers, employers, and health professionals have been shown to harbor biases against the obese. _____(17)very young children tend to look down on the overweight, and teasing about body build has long been a problem in schools.

Negative attitudes toward obesity, _____(18)in health concerns, have stimulated a number of anti- obesity_____(19).My own hospital system has banned sugary drinks from its facilities. Many employers have instituted weight loss and fitness initiatives. Michelle Obama has launched a high-visibility campaign_____(20)childhood obesity, even claiming that it represents our greatest national security threat.

1
(单项选择题)

_____(1)

  • A.

    denied

  • B.

    concluded

  • C.

    doubted

  • D.

    ensured

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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2
(单项选择题)

_____(2)

  • A.

    protective

  • B.

    dangerous

  • C.

    sufficient

  • D.

    troublesome

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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3
(单项选择题)

_____(3)

  • A.

    Instead

  • B.

    However

  • C.

    Likewise

  • D.

    Therefore

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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4
(单项选择题)

_____(4)

  • A.

    indicator

  • B.

    objective

  • C.

    origin

  • D.

    example

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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5
(单项选择题)

_____(5)

  • A.

    impact

  • B.

    relevance

  • C.

    assistance

  • D.

    concern

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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6
(单项选择题)

_____(6)

  • A.

    in terms of

  • B.

    in case of

  • C.

    in favor of

  • D.

    in respect of

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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7
(单项选择题)

_____(7)

  • A.

    measures

  • B.

    determines

  • C.

    equals

  • D.

    modifies

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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8
(单项选择题)

_____(8)

  • A.

    in essence

  • B.

    in contrast

  • C.

    in turn

  • D.

    in part

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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9
(单项选择题)

_____(9)

  • A.

    complicated

  • B.

    conservative

  • C.

    variable

  • D.

    straightforward

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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10
(单项选择题)

_____(10)

  • A.

    so

  • B.

    while

  • C.

    since

  • D.

    unless

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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11
(单项选择题)

_____(11)

  • A.

    shape

  • B.

    spirit

  • C.

    balance

  • D.

    taste

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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12
(单项选择题)

_____(12)

  • A.

    start

  • B.

    qualify

  • C.

    retire

  • D.

    stay

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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13
(单项选择题)

_____(13)

  • A.

    strange

  • B.

    changeable

  • C.

    normal

  • D.

    constant

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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14
(单项选择题)

_____(14)

  • A.

    option

  • B.

    reason

  • C.

    opportunity

  • D.

    tendency

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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15
(单项选择题)

_____(15)

  • A.

    employed

  • B.

    pictured

  • C.

    imitated

  • D.

    monitored

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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16
(单项选择题)

_____(16)

  • A.

    compared

  • B.

    combined

  • C.

    settled

  • D.

    associated

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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17
(单项选择题)

_____(17)

  • A.

    Even

  • B.

    Still

  • C.

    Yet

  • D.

    Only

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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18
(单项选择题)

_____(18)

  • A.

    despised

  • B.

    corrected

  • C.

    ignored

  • D.

    grounded

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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19
(单项选择题)

_____(19)

  • A.

    discussions

  • B.

    businesses

  • C.

    policies

  • D.

    studies

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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20
(单项选择题)

_____(20)

  • A.

    for

  • B.

    against

  • C.

    with

  • D.

    without

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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