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[ 考研英语二 ]
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2008年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(二)试题
Directions:Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
Use of English
Use of English

Olympic Games are held every four years at a different site, in which athletes_____(1)different nations compete against each other in a_____(2)of sports. There are two types of Olympics, the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics.

In order to_____(3)the Olympics, a city must submit a proposal to the International Olympic Committee (IOC). After all proposals have been_____(4)the IOC votes. If no city is successful in gaining a majority in the first vote, the city with the fewest votes is eliminated, and voting continues, with_____(5)rounds, until a majority winner is determined. Typically the Games are awarded several years in advance, _____(6)the winning city time to prepare for the Games. In selecting the_____(7)of the Olympic Games, the IOC considers a number of factors, chief among them which city has, or promises to build, the best facilities,and which organizing committee seems most likely to_____(8)the Games effectively.

The IOC also_____(9)which parts of the world have not yet hosted the Games. _____(10), Tokyo, Japan, the host of the 1964 Summer Games, and Mexico City, Mexico, the host of the 1968 Summer Games, were chosen_____(11)to popularize the Olympic movement in Asia and in Latin America.

_____(12)the growing importance of television worldwide, the IOC in recent years has also taken into_____(13)the host city’s time zone. _____(14)the Games take place in the United States or Canada, for example, American television networks are willing to pay_____(15)higher amounts for television rights because they can broadcast popular events_____(16), in prime viewing hours.

_____(17)the Games have been awarded, it is the responsibility of the local organizing committee to finance them. This is often done with a portion of the Olympic television_____(18)and with corporate sponsorships, ticket sales, and other smaller revenue sources. In many_____(19)there is also direct government support.

Although many cities have achieved a financial profit by hosting the Games, the Olympics can be financially _____(20) . When the revenues from the Gaines were less that expected, the city was left with large debts.

1
(单项选择题)

_____(1)

  • A.

    in

  • B.

    for

  • C.

    of

  • D.

    from

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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2
(单项选择题)

_____(2)

  • A.

    lot

  • B.

    number

  • C.

    variety

  • D.

    series

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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3
(单项选择题)

_____(3)

  • A.

    host

  • B.

    take

  • C.

    run

  • D.

    organize

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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4
(单项选择题)

_____(4)

  • A.

    supported

  • B.

    submitted

  • C.

    substituted

  • D.

    subordinated

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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5
(单项选择题)

_____(5)

  • A.

    suggestive

  • B.

    successful

  • C.

    successive

  • D.

    succeeding

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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6
(单项选择题)

_____(6)

  • A.

    letting

  • B.

    setting

  • C.

    permitting

  • D.

    allowing

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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7
(单项选择题)

_____(7)

  • A.

    site

  • B.

    spot

  • C.

    location

  • D.

    place

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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8
(单项选择题)

_____(8)

  • A.

    state

  • B.

    stage

  • C.

    start

  • D.

    sponsor

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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9
(单项选择题)

_____(9)

  • A.

    thinks

  • B.

    reckons

  • C.

    considers

  • D.

    calculates

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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10
(单项选择题)

_____(10)

  • A.

    For instance

  • B.

    As a result

  • C.

    In brief

  • D.

    On the whole

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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11
(单项选择题)

_____(11)

  • A.

    in time

  • B.

    in part

  • C.

    in case

  • D.

    in common

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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12
(单项选择题)

_____(12)

  • A.

    Since

  • B.

    Because

  • C.

    As for

  • D.

    Because of

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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13
(单项选择题)

_____(13)

  • A.

    amount

  • B.

    account

  • C.

    accord

  • D.

    acclaim

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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14
(单项选择题)

_____(14)

  • A.

    However

  • B.

    Whatever

  • C.

    Whenever

  • D.

    Wherever

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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15
(单项选择题)

_____(15)

  • A.

    greatly

  • B.

    handsomely

  • C.

    meaningfully

  • D.

    significantly

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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16
(单项选择题)

_____(16)

  • A.

    live

  • B.

    living

  • C.

    alive

  • D.

    lively

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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17
(单项选择题)

_____(17)

  • A.

    Until

  • B.

    Unless

  • C.

    Whether

  • D.

    Once

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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18
(单项选择题)

_____(18)

  • A.

    incomes

  • B.

    interests

  • C.

    revenues

  • D.

    returns

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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19
(单项选择题)

_____(19)

  • A.

    cases

  • B.

    conditions

  • C.

    chances

  • D.

    circumstances

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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20
(单项选择题)

_____(20)

  • A.

    safe

  • B.

    risky

  • C.

    tempting

  • D.

    feasible

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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