People are, on the whole, poor at considering background information when making individual decisions. At first glance this might seem like a strength that _____（1）the ability to make judgments which are unbiased by _____（2）factors. But Dr.Uri Simonsohn speculated that an inability to consider the big _____（3）was leading decision-makers to be biased by the daily samples of information they were working with._____（4）, he theorised that a judge _____（5）of appearing too soft _____（6）crime might be more likely to send someone to prison _____（7）he had already sentenced five or six other defendants only to forced community service on that day.
To _____（8）this idea, he turned to the university-admissions process. In theory, the _____（9）of an applicant should not depend on the few others _____（10）randomly for interview during the same day, but Dr.Simonsohn suspected the truth was _____（11）.
He studied the results of 9,323 MBA interviews _____（12）by 31 admissions officers. The interviewers had _____（13）applicants on a scale of one to five. This scale _____（14）numerous factors into consideration. The scores were _____（15）used in conjunction with an applicant’s score on the Graduate Management Admission Test, or GMAT, a standardised exam which is _____（16）out of 800 points, to make a decision on whether to accept him or her.
Dr.Simonsohn found if the score of the previous candidate in a daily series of interviewees was 0.75 points or more higher than that of the one _____（17）that, then the score for the next applicant would _____（18）by an average of 0.075 points. This might sound small, but to _____（19）the effects of such a decrease a candidate could need 30 more GMAT points than would otherwise have been _____（20）.