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[ 考研英语一 ]
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2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)试题
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.(10 points)
Use of English
Use of English

By 1830 the former Spanish and Portuguese colonies had become independent nations. The roughly 20 million_____(1)of these nations looked_____(2)to the future. Born in the crisis of the old regime and Iberian colonialism, many of the leaders of independence_____(3)the ideals of representative government, careers_____(4)to talent, freedom of commerce and trade, the_____(5)to private property, and a belief in the individual as the basis of society. _____(6)there was a belief that the new nations should be sovereign and independent states, large enough to be economically viable and integrated by a_____(7)set of laws.

On the issue of_____(8)of religion and the position of the Church,_____(9), there was less agreement_____(10)the leadership. Roman Catholicism had been the state religion and the only one_____(11)by the Spanish crown.

_____(12)most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism_____(13)the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the_____(14)of other faiths. The defense of the Church became a rallying_____(15)for the conservative forces.

The ideals of the early leaders of independence were often egalitarian, valuing equality of everything. Bolivar had received aid from Haiti and had_____(16)in return to abolish slavery in the areas he liberated. By 1854 slavery had been abolished everywhere except Spain’s_____(17)colonies. Early promises to end Indian tribute and taxes on people of mixed origin came much_____(18)because the new nations still needed the revenue such policies_____(19). Egalitarian sentiments were often tempered by fears that the mass of the population was_____(20)self-rule and democracy.

1
(单项选择题)

_____(1)

  • A.

    natives

  • B.

    inhabitants

  • C.

    peoples

  • D.

    individuals

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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2
(单项选择题)

_____(2)

  • A.

    confusedly

  • B.

    cheerfully

  • C.

    worriedly

  • D.

    hopefully

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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3
(单项选择题)

_____(3)

  • A.

    shared

  • B.

    forgot

  • C.

    attained

  • D.

    rejected

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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4
(单项选择题)

_____(4)

  • A.

    related

  • B.

    close

  • C.

    open

  • D.

    devoted

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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5
(单项选择题)

_____(5)

  • A.

    access

  • B.

    succession

  • C.

    right

  • D.

    return

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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6
(单项选择题)

_____(6)

  • A.

    Presumably

  • B.

    Incidentally

  • C.

    Obviously

  • D.

    Generally

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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7
(单项选择题)

_____(7)

  • A.

    unique

  • B.

    common

  • C.

    particular

  • D.

    typical

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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8
(单项选择题)

_____(8)

  • A.

    freedom

  • B.

    origin

  • C.

    impact

  • D.

    reform

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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9
(单项选择题)

_____(9)

  • A.

    therefore

  • B.

    however

  • C.

    indeed

  • D.

    moreover

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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10
(单项选择题)

_____(10)

  • A.

    with

  • B.

    about

  • C.

    among

  • D.

    by

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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11
(单项选择题)

_____(11)

  • A.

    allowed

  • B.

    preached

  • C.

    granted

  • D.

    funded

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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12
(单项选择题)

_____(12)

  • A.

    Since

  • B.

    If

  • C.

    Unless

  • D.

    While

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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13
(单项选择题)

_____(13)

  • A.

    as

  • B.

    for

  • C.

    under

  • D.

    against

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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14
(单项选择题)

_____(14)

  • A.

    spread

  • B.

    interference

  • C.

    exclusion

  • D.

    influence

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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15
(单项选择题)

_____(15)

  • A.

    support

  • B.

    cry

  • C.

    plea

  • D.

    wish

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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16
(单项选择题)

_____(16)

  • A.

    urged

  • B.

    intended

  • C.

    expected

  • D.

    promised

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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17
(单项选择题)

_____(17)

  • A.

    controlling

  • B.

    former

  • C.

    remaining

  • D.

    original

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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18
(单项选择题)

_____(18)

  • A.

    slower

  • B.

    faster

  • C.

    easier

  • D.

    tougher

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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19
(单项选择题)

_____(19)

  • A.

    created

  • B.

    produced

  • C.

    contributed

  • D.

    preferred

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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20
(单项选择题)

_____(20)

  • A.

    puzzled by

  • B.

    hostile to

  • C.

    pessimistic about

  • D.

    unprepared for

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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