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[ 考研英语一 ]
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2015年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)试题
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
Use of English
Use of English

Though not biologically related, friends are as "related" as fourth cousins, sharing about 1% of genes. That is(1)_____a study published from the University of California and Yale University in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, has(2)_____.

The study is a genome-wide analysis conducted(3)_____1932 unique subjects which(4)_____pairs of unrelated friends and unrelated strangers. The same people were used in both(5)_____.

While 1% may seem(6)_____,it is not so to a geneticist. As co-author of the study James Fowler, professor of medical genetics at UC San Diego says, "Most people do not even(7)_____their fourth cousins but somehow manage to select as friends the people who(8)_____our kin."

The team also developed a "friendship score" which can predict who will be your friend based on their genes.

The study(9)_____found that the genes for smell were something shared in friends but not genes for immunity. Why this similarity in olfactory genes is difficult to explain, for now. (10)_____, as the team suggests, it draws us to similar environments but there is more(11)_____it. There could be many mechanisms working in tandem that(12)_____ us in choosing genetically similar friends (13)_____than "functional kinship" of being friends with(14)_____!

One of the remarkable findings of the study was that the similar genes seem to be evolving(15)_____than other genes. Studying this could help(16)_____why human evolution picked pace in the last 30,000 years, with social environment being a major(17)_____factor.

The findings do not simply corroborate people's(18)_____to befriend those of similar(19)_____backgrounds, say the researchers. Though all the subjects were drawn from a population of European extraction, care was taken to(20)_____that all subjects, friends and strangers were taken from the same population. The team also controlled the data to check ancestry of subjects.

1
(单项选择题)

_____(1)

  • A.

    what

  • B.

    why

  • C.

    how

  • D.

    when

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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2
(单项选择题)

_____(2)

  • A.

    defended

  • B.

    concluded

  • C.

    withdrawn

  • D.

    advised

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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3
(单项选择题)

_____(3)

  • A.

    for

  • B.

    with

  • C.

    by

  • D.

    on

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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4
(单项选择题)

_____(4)

  • A.

    separated

  • B.

    sought

  • C.

    compared

  • D.

    connected

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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5
(单项选择题)

_____(5)

  • A.

    tests

  • B.

    objects

  • C.

    samples

  • D.

    examples

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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6
(单项选择题)

_____(6)

  • A.

    insignificant

  • B.

    unexpected

  • C.

    unreliable

  • D.

    incredible

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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7
(单项选择题)

_____(7)

  • A.

    visit

  • B.

    miss

  • C.

    know

  • D.

    seek

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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8
(单项选择题)

_____(8)

  • A.

    surpass

  • B.

    influence

  • C.

    favor

  • D.

    resemble

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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9
(单项选择题)

_____(9)

  • A.

    again

  • B.

    also

  • C.

    instead

  • D.

    thus

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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10
(单项选择题)

_____(10)

  • A.

    Meanwhile

  • B.

    Furthermore

  • C.

    Likewise

  • D.

    Perhaps

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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11
(单项选择题)

_____(11)

  • A.

    about

  • B.

    to

  • C.

    from

  • D.

    like

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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12
(单项选择题)

_____(12)

  • A.

    limit

  • B.

    observe

  • C.

    confuse

  • D.

    drive

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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13
(单项选择题)

_____(13)

  • A.

    according to

  • B.

    rather than

  • C.

    regardless of

  • D.

    along with

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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14
(单项选择题)

_____(14)

  • A.

    chances

  • B.

    responses

  • C.

    benefits

  • D.

    missions

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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15
(单项选择题)

_____(15)

  • A.

    faster

  • B.

    slower

  • C.

    later

  • D.

    earlier

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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16
(单项选择题)

_____(16)

  • A.

    forecast

  • B.

    remember

  • C.

    express

  • D.

    understand

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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17
(单项选择题)

_____(17)

  • A.

    unpredictable

  • B.

    contributory

  • C.

    controllable

  • D.

    disruptive

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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18
(单项选择题)

_____(18)

  • A.

    tendency

  • B.

    decision

  • C.

    arrangement

  • D.

    endeavor

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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19
(单项选择题)

_____(19)

  • A.

    political

  • B.

    religious

  • C.

    ethnic

  • D.

    economic

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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20
(单项选择题)

_____(20)

  • A.

    see

  • B.

    show

  • C.

    prove

  • D.

    tell

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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