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[ 考研英语一 ]
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2021年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)试题
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
1
1

Fluid intelligence is the type of intelligence that has to do with short-term memory and the ability to think quickly, logically, and abstractly in order to solve new problems. It

_____(1)in young adulthood, levels out for a period of time, and then_____(2)starts to slowly decline as we age. But_____(3)aging is inevitable, scientists are finding that certain changes in brain function may not be.

One study found that muscle loss and the_____(4)of body fat around the abdomen are associated with a decline in fluid intelligence. This suggests the_____(5)that lifestyle factors might help prevent or_____(6)this type of decline.

The researchers looked at data that_____(7)measurements of lean muscle and abdominal fat from more than 4,000 middle-to-older-aged men and women and_____(8)that data to reported changes in fluid intelligence over a six-year period. They found that middle-aged people_____(9)higher measures of abdominal fat_____(10)worse on measures of fluid intelligence as the years_____(11).

For women, the association may be_____(12)to changes in immunity that resulted from excess abdominal fat; in men, the immune system did not appear to be_____(13)It is hoped that future studies could_____(14)these differences and perhaps lead to different_____(15)for men and women.

_____(16)there are steps you can_____(17)to help reduce abdominal fat and maintain lean muscle mass as you age in order to protect both your physical and mental _____(18). The two highly recommended lifestyle approaches are maintaining or increasing your_____(19)of aerobic exercise and following Mediterranean-style_____(20)that is high in fiber and eliminates highly processed foods.

1
(单项选择题)

1._____

  • A.

    pauses

  • B.

    return

  • C.

    peaks

  • D.

    fades

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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2
(单项选择题)

2._____

  • A.

    alternatively

  • B.

    formally

  • C.

    accidentally

  • D.

    generally

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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3
(单项选择题)

3._____

  • A.

    while

  • B.

    since

  • C.

    once

  • D.

    until

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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4
(单项选择题)

4._____

  • A.

    detection

  • B.

    accumulation

  • C.

    consumption

  • D.

    separation

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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5
(单项选择题)

5._____

  • A.

    possibility

  • B.

    decision

  • C.

    goal

  • D.

    requirement

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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6
(单项选择题)

6._____

  • A.

    delay

  • B.

    ensure

  • C.

    seek

  • D.

    utilize

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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7
(单项选择题)

7._____

  • A.

    modify

  • B.

    supported

  • C.

    included

  • D.

    predicted

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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8
(单项选择题)

8._____

  • A.

    devoted

  • B.

    compared

  • C.

    converted

  • D.

    applied

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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9
(单项选择题)

9._____

  • A.

    with

  • B.

    above

  • C.

    by

  • D.

    against

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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10
(单项选择题)

10._____

  • A.

    above

  • B.

    managed

  • C.

    scored

  • D.

    played

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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11
(单项选择题)

11._____

  • A.

    ran out

  • B.

    set off

  • C.

    drew in

  • D.

    went by

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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12
(单项选择题)

12._____

  • A.

    superior

  • B.

    attributable

  • C.

    parallel

  • D.

    resistant

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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13
(单项选择题)

13._____

  • A.

    restored

  • B.

    isolated

  • C.

    involved

  • D.

    controlled

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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14
(单项选择题)

14._____

  • A.

    alter

  • B.

    spread

  • C.

    remove

  • D.

    explain

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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15
(单项选择题)

15._____

  • A.

    compensations

  • B.

    symptoms

  • C.

    demands

  • D.

    treatments

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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16
(单项选择题)

16._____

  • A.

    Likewise

  • B.

    Meanwhile

  • C.

    Therefore

  • D.

    Instead

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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17
(单项选择题)

17._____

  • A.

    change

  • B.

    watch

  • C.

    count

  • D.

    take

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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18
(单项选择题)

18._____

  • A.

    well-being

  • B.

    process

  • C.

    formation

  • D.

    coordination

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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19
(单项选择题)

19._____

  • A.

    level

  • B.

    love

  • C.

    knowledge

  • D.

    space

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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20
(单项选择题)

20._____

  • A.

    design

  • B.

    routine

  • C.

    diet

  • D.

    prescription

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
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